The most important fishing activity takes place in the Mediterranean Sea while the freshwater fishing shows a continuous decline. Fishing is an ancestral economic activity in the Mediterranean, performed both for subsistence and commercial purpose. The SPA/RAC estimates the production at 1.5-1.7 million tons caught per year, with 85% of the catch attributable to only 6 countries: Italy, Turkey, Greece, Spain, Tunisia and Algeria. Still, this satisfies only one third of the Mediterranean demand.
However, most available information and statistics focus on marine fisheries (often including coastal lagoons), whilst fisheries in wetlands do not receive much attention. One reason is probably that unlike sea fisheries, they usually occur on subsistence rather than commercial/ industrial scale. Therefore, despite being a very valuable activity in many Mediterranean wetlands, only fragmentary and local statistics exist (n° of fishermen, amount of fish caught…), and an overall overview is not possible.
Like any other exploitation of natural wetland resources, fishing can be either sustainable or non-sustainable.